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Objectives

The Department aims at graduating doctors with sound knowledge of Surgery and proper ethical background, who are able to diagnose and manage the basic surgical conditions, especially so regarding emergencies. This objective is achieved through the following protocols:

General

To provide the scientific background (including applied anatomy, physiology and pathology) needed by the undergraduate student to understand various systemic disorders that he faces and to correlate this knowledge to his surgical training.

To introduce and explain, in details, the general principles in surgical practice to the student including the effects of environmental and social factors in the causation of certain surgical diseases.

To explain the role of each organ, its disorders and its relation to a specific system on one hand and other systems on the other.

1- Clinical training objectives

A- Third year

Students should be familiar with the main principles ofsurgical problems like fluid and electrolyte balance, blood grouping and bloodtransfusion, wound healing…. etc.

B- Fourth year

Students should be able to:

take, write and present history and perform and recordthorough physical examination of the major systems of the body.

know the role of the common and importantinvestigations.

analyze and integrate the information he obtains fromhistory, clinical examination and investigations to formulate a sensibleprovisional diagnosis.

C- Fifth year

Students are expected to get familiar with the OPD anddeal with patients presenting with disorders involving various surgicalsub-specialties including traumatology.

D- Sixth year

At the end of the graduation-year training, students areexpected to have, and express, adequate knowledge and understanding of thefollowing:

Clinical learning objectives; a student should:

– Obtain full medical history.

– Perform comprehensive clinical examination.

– Be confident inassessing the patient’s problem.

– Manage the patient as a sick person and a “case”.

– Be able to write a clear and concise record for eachof his patient.

2. Clinical skills:

A student is expected to be able to perform thefollowing procedures and to know their general indications andcontraindications:

Stool examination (general and occult) .

General urine examination.

Per-rectal and proctoscopic examinations.

Intra-muscular, intravenous and subcutaneousinjections.

Setting of an intravenous line.

Blood grouping and cross matching.

Venesection (venous cut-down) .

Fundoscopy.

Indirect laryngoscopy.

3. Students are expected to have attended and observed certain surgical procedures and to have adequate knowledge of these procedures along with their general indications and contraindications. These procedures include:

GIT endoscopy (upper and lower).

Thoracic endoscopy.

Urological endoscopy.

Lymph node biopsy.

Needle biopsy (FNAC and Tru-Cut).

Blood transfusion.

4. Students should be able to interpret the following investigations:

Radiological studies of various systems and organs)plain and contrast).

Hematological analysis.

Liver and renal function tests.

Culture and sensitivitytests.